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Crustaceans (Phylum ARTHROPODA, Sub-phylum CRUSTACEA) are an extremely diverse group of aquatic organisms, which although predominantly marine, also occur in freshwater. The subphylum Crustacea contain over 50, 000 species worldwide which occupy varied habitats ranging from the littoral coast to the deep waters., The most common crustaceans encountered in nearly all coastal marine environments are crabs, shrimps, prawns, barnacles and lobsters. Crustaceans are important food sources for many people across the globe and their economic viability as food resources have made them the organisms of choice for aquaculture. The MOI is currently trialling the identification of crustaceans using a DNA-based approach.